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Book Code: 9789380223186

Col. (Dr.) Prof. Rajesh Kumar

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Disaster management occupies an important place in this country’s policy framework as it is the poor and the under-privileged who are worst affected on account of calamities. India has been traditional vulnerable to the natural disasters on the account of unique geo-climatic conditions. Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides would have been a recurrent phenomena. The record of Indian society as a whole has been quite dismal as far as disaster relief and managing the situation arising in the wake of a calamity is concerned. The national and state governments carry out most of the brunt and coordination for disaster relief. It is in this area that India needs improvement in its approach and handling of disaster like situations. National Disaster Management Authority is an agency, whose primary purpose is to coordinate response to natural or man-made disasters.


COL. (Dr.) Prof. RAJESH   KUMAR, a naïve country boy Raju from Bhojpur in Bihar joined Indian Army, commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant in Corps of Signals at the age of 22 and still discharging his selfless service dedicated to the nation in olive green. He commanded a platoon, company, battalion in operational areas of Jammu & Kashmir, Assam and  Punjab. Colonel Rajesh is recognized as an authority on counter-terrorist operations extensive research on Disaster Management and earned his Ph.D. Degree from Ranchi  University. The adventurist Captain Rajesh while leading the Indian Motorcycles Team Dare-Devils, during 3rd National Games, Pune on 25 Jan 1994 and got his name embossed in Guinness Book of World Records. He led the Army Mountaineering Expedition Aarohi in year 2001. Of late he has been awarded JHARKHAND RATNA, and also The BIHAR GAURAV in 2013. He is presently with the Jharkhand Govt. from Indian Army on deputation, as Associate Professor to the Jharkhand Raksha Shakti University.


Acknowledgements 13

Preface 15

1. Disaster Management: An Introduction 17
• Introduction • Term of Reference • Aim • Layout • Types of Natural Disasters\ • Relevance of Disaster Management Study • Conclusion.

2. Factors and Significance of Disasters 29
• India’s Vulnerability to Disasters • The Problem • Justification of the Study • Limitations of the Study • India: A Country Profile Millennium Challenge
• Background • The Disaster Management Information System • Disaster Mitigation and Emergency Preparedness • Trauma Management • Rescue International • Natural Disasters • Disaster Mitigation Tool Kit • Health Kit • First Aid Medicine Kit • School Kit • Kit for Kids • Domestic Kit • Sew-ing
Kit • Cleaning Utilities • Baby Items • Cleaning Supplies • Miscellaneous • Paper Products • Personal Items • Forecasting of Natural Disasters • Disaster Mitigation and Vulnerability Atlas of India • World-Wide Earthquake Locator • World Earthquake Information from USGS National Earthquake Information
Centre • Earthquake Data • Predicting an Earthquake • EQNet: Earthquake Information Network • UC Berkley Seismological Laboratory • Flood • Cyclone
• National Hurricane Centre • Canadian Hurricane Centre • National Weather Service Disaster Survey Reports • Purdue University Hurricane and Tropical
Data • Drought • Current Drought Status in Queensland, Australia • The Canadian Climate and Water Information • Weekly Global Climate Highlights from CPC • The Greater Horn Information Exchange (GHIE) • Drought Monitor • How can you help? • You can help • Information Technology Tools for Natural Disaster Risk Management • EIIP Virtual Forum • NASA’s Disaster Finder • Doctors Without Borders • Virtual Hospital at University of Iowa Health Centre
Virtual Hospital (VH) • References • Notes.

3. Disasters: Causes and Effects 63
• Existing Institutional Arrangements • National Level • State Level • District and Local Level • Other Stakeholders • External Linkages • Disaster Management
Policy • State Level • District Level • Legal and Techno-legal Framework • Financial Arrangements • Initiatives for Disaster Mitigation • Disaster Preparedness • Indian Armed Forces in Management of Natural Disasters • Conclusion • References.

4. Typology and Profile of Regional, Seasonal, Social and Accidental Disasters 85
• Operational Definitions • Types of Disasters • Man-made Disasters • Natural Disasters • Policy Disasters • Floods • Cyclones • Earth Quakes • Effects of
Disaster • Special Features of Disaster Management • Stages of Disaster Management • Road Map to Improve Disaster Management Organisation in India
• Introduction • Recommended Measures – Organisational • Recommended Measures – Institutional • Recommended Measures – Infrastructure Support
• Recommended Measures – Preparedness for Disasters • Recommended Measures for Quick Response • Recommended Measures – Strategic Aspects
• Recommended Measures – Training • Testing of Hypothesis • However there are certain threats that plague the system • Bibliography • Refernces • Notes

5. Case Studies: E-governance 113
• Technology-led Strategy • A Case Study of Karnataka, Kerala and Odisha : Strategies in Good Governance • The World Bank in its Document • E-Governance • Khajane • E-Lottery • Mukhya Vahini • Other Initiatives • Friends Project of Kerala • Project Application • The Philosophy • An Innovative Approach • Dramatic Impact on People • Orissa Gramsat Pilot Project • Infrastructure and Functioning • Computerization/E-governance Initiative of Panchayati Raj Department • Case Study: Gujarat • e-Governance in Gujarat • Vision • Change Management • GSWAN – the Backbone of e-Governance
Applications • SICN – State-of-the-art connectivity • IWDMS – Streamlining Documentation for Knowledge-led Governance • Digital Signature Certificates
– For a secure digital world • Citizen Convenience Centres – Setting Standards in One-Day Governance • e-Nagarpalikas – One-Day Governance for veryone
• Gyan Ganga – The River of Knowledge • e-Gram – e-Governance at the Panchayat Level • e-Dhara – Land Records Online • Talim Rojgar • SWAGAT –
An epitome of transparency • SWIFT - State Wide Information on Financial Transactions • CCIS - Comprehensive Case Information System at High Court of Gujarat • IDS - Integrated Disease Surveillance System (IDS) • e-PRIMA (Panchayati Raj Institutes – Maintenance of Accounts) • HMIS – Health Management Information System • Government’s Futuristic Plan for IT Savvy Manpower • Industry-Institute Linkages – College to Career Programme • The Final Analysis • End Note • References • Bibliography • Internet Sites • References.

6. Global View in Indian Context 139
• General • Role of Government • Role of International Agencies • Role of UNO2 • The Role of Voluntary Agencies • Other Organisations • The Role of
the Media • Problem Areas • Disaster Management in Some Foreign Countries • General • Australia • USA • The Global Perspective in Indian Scenario
• United Nations in Disaster Management • Disaster Management Programme (DMP) • Disaster Management Training Programme (DTMP) • United Nations
Disaster Management Team (UN DMT) • Deployable UN Co-ordination Support Mechanisms • Non Deployable UN Coordination Entities • UN rganisation
for Disaster Management • UN’s Role in Some Recent Disasters • Recommendations • Disaster Management in Australia • Path of Request for Assistance
• Disaster Management in the USA • Disaster Management in Europe • Conclusion • References • Emergency Management • Flooding • Landslides/ land subsidence • Meteorological Hazards • Seismic Hazards • Tsunami
• Volcanic Hazards • Notes.

7. Preparedness and Mitigation in Restoration of E-Governance 181
• National Policy on Disaster Management • General • Disaster Management Planning • Primary Relief Functions • Secondary Relief Functions • Coordination
and Control • National Level • Contingency Action Plan • Financial Aspects • Procedure for Extending Financial Assistance to States • Arrangement for Financing Relief • Ninth Finance Commission’s Recommendations • Warning Systems • State Level Mechanism • Model Showing Disaster Relief Cycle at State Level • Role of Armed Forces • Role of Police and Home Guards in Rescue and Relief Operation • Home Guards • Role of Voluntary/ Non Governmental Organisation (NGOs) • Disaster Management in India: Need and Recommended Integrated Approach • General • Current Concerns • Disaster Relief Execution Capability • Preparedness Aspects • Sustainability Aspect • Development Thrusts • Other Concerns • Approach to Disaster Management
• General • Comprehensive Emergency Management • Definition and Applicability • Commended Organisation for Disaster Management in India • National Policy • National Disaster Organisation • Basic Components • Functional Component • National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) • State Level Organisation • Role of Armed Forces • Financial Implications • Conclusion • Reference • Notes.

8. Conclusion 217
• General • Global Trends • The Transition in India • The Disaster Management Act 2005 • National Vision • Centre-staging Communities • National Disaster
Response Force (NDRF) • Mitigation Measures and Role of Science and Technology • Techno-Legal and Techno-Financial Regime • Earthquake Risk
Mitigation in India • Background • Critical Gaps • NDMA Guidelines for Management of Earthquakes • Proposed National Earthquake Risk Mitigation Project (NERMP) • Cyclone • Urban Flood Disaster Management • Background • Urban Flooding is Different • Running Urban Centres 24x7 • National guidelines from NDMA • Flood Management – An Overview • The Flood Hazard • Past Initiatives by the Government of India • Institutional Mechanism
• Flood Management Measures • Flood Response • Flood Management Plans • Strengthening Disaster Response in India • Disaster Management: Shifting Axis from Visible to Invisible • Medical Preparedness for Disaster Management • Role of Laboratory in Disaster Management • Setting up Laboratory Support to Disease Surveillance Post Disaster Situations • Laboratory Support for Disaster Management • Networking of Laboratories under Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) • e-Governance Suggestions • Major Areas of Implementation • Commercial • Suggestions • Weaknesses • Threats
• Conclusion.

Index 249


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