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Book Code: 9788121214292

K. S. S. Seshan

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ABOUT THE BOOK

The present book, Early Anti-British Revolts in Andhra, 1766-1857, is a study of the numerous struggles carried out in Andhra region against the British, much before the outbreak of the 1857 Revolt. As appropriation of surplus and monopoly of trade were the dominant factors during the initial phase of the colonial rule, the opposing elements in these revolts naturally were the revenue collecting chiefs like the Rajahs, Zamindars and Palegars. The book deals with such early revolts from the time the Company started acquiring the Andhra region in 1766.

The Revolt of the Zamindars in the Circars was over the quantum of their peishcush, while the revolt of the Chittoor Palegars was on the dispossession of the Arcot Nawabi and the rebellions of the minor Zamindars in the Agency area were mostly because of the utter disregard of the Company towards the local chiefs.

The Wahabi movement and the role played by Rasool Khan the Nawab of Kurnool, the indomitable courage with which Mubarez–ud-Daulah, the Prince of Hyderabad conspired, though unsuccessfully against the British, and the reckless valor with which Narasimha Reddy of Uyyalawada fought against the Company armies in 1846, served as inspiring examples for posterity. The Mutinies in the army, that this book highlights-the Visakhapatnam, the Mominabad and the Bolaram Mutinies, speak of the courage of conviction with which the native sepoys in the British army violently resisted the religious intolerance and obnoxious discrimination the British Commanders practiced in India.

The book in essence, tries to capture that rebellious spirit of the natives against colonial injustices, both on civil and military fronts.


ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Professor K.S.S. Seshan is former Head of the Department of History, University of Hyderabad. Earlier, he taught History at Besant Theosophi cal College, Madanapalle, in Andhra Pradesh. He was also for some time associated with Assam Central University, Silchar, where he was the founder Head, Department of History. He has guided a large number of Ph.D and M.Phil scholars during the course of his long teaching career. He is widely travelled and visited a number of Universities like Oxford, Glasgow, Swansea (Wales), Manchester and Edinburgh in United Kingdom, where he participated in Seminars/gave invited lectures. His biographical details are featured in “Reference Asia, Vol. IX, Asia's Who is Who, Refacimento International, 1995.

Prof. K.S.S. Seshan's earlier books, British Role in Rural Economy (1989), Hyderabad- 400 (1991) and Tipu Sultan of Mysore ( 2000 NBT) are popular. His articles that appear regularly in The Hindu (Chennai), Deccan Herald (Bangalore) and State Times, (Jammu) on historical aspects are widely read.

Prof. Seshan is connected with a number of History Associations in the country and abroad. He is currently an Executive Committee member of the Indian History Congres s ( IHC) , highes t body of professional historians of India.

CONTENTS

Foreword ........................................................................................ 9

Preface ......................................................................................... 15

Acknowledgements .......................................................................17

1. Introduction ............................................................................ 19
• Centers of Early Revolts • Revolts in South India • Acquisition of Seemandhra by the British • Northern Circars (1766-88) • French got the Circars First • The British Occupation • Acquisition of Rayalaseema (1800) • Acquisition of Chittoor and Nellore, (1801) • References.

2. Revolts in Ganjam ................................................................... 35
• Revolts in Parlakimidi Zamindari • Revolts in Gumsur • References.

3. Vizianagaram Zamindars and the British ................................ 49
• Foundations of the Family • Early Relations with The English • Vizianagaram’s Relations with Gen. Bussy • Battle of Bobbili (1757) • Death of Viziarama Raju • Accession of Viziarama Raju II (1760-1794) • Diwan Sitharama Raju • Circuit Committee Report • Harsh Terms • Battle of Padmanabham (1794) • Restoration of the Zamindari • References.

4. Revolts of The Minor Zamindars ............................................. 63
• Palakonda Zamindar • Kasipuram • Golugonda • Mogaltturru • The ‘Hill’ Zamindars • Gutala • Polavaram • References.

5. Thomas Munro and the Palegars ............................................ 73
• Action Against Uppalur • Revolt of Vemula Palegar • Other Palegars • Murder Of Macdonald (1832) • References.

6. Thornekal Revolt: 1801 ........................................................... 85
• Impact of New Land Policies • The genesis of the Revolt • Historical past of Thornekal • Background of the Revolt • Reasons for Rivalry • Company finds a Cause • Thackeray Arrives With Army • Thornekal 8 Early Anti-British Revolts in Andhra; 1766-1857 Prepares For Self Defense • Seize on Thornekal • Break through for the British army • Munro on Thornekal Revolt • References.

7. Chittoor Palegars’ Revolt: 1804 ............................................... 99
• The Reasons For The Revolt • Open Defiance of the Palegars • Collector’s Ultimatum • Occupation of Mogarala And Pakala • Attack on Kalluru and Pulicherla • Pullur, Strongest of All Palems • Appointment of Commission • Constructive Work of the Commission • Decision to deploy Army • Martial Law Imposed • Defeat of Yedaragunta Palegar • Palems Forfeited • References.

8. Wahabi Conspiracy: Revolt of Rasool Khan (1839) ............... 119
• Rise of Kurnool Nawabs • Gulam Rasool Khan: (1805-1839) • Wahabi Movement and Its Work • Rasool Khan and the Wahabi Movement • Role of Mubarez -ud-Doulah • Mubarez’s Designs • Judicial Enquiry Commission • Network of Spies • Attack on Rasool Khan (1839) • Kurnool Under The British • Death of Rasool Khan • References.

9. Mutinies in Military ............................................................... 141
• Visakhapatnam Mutiny, 1780 • Mutiny At Mominabad: 1827 • Bolaram Mutiny: 1855 • Nizam’s Cavalry • Governor General’s Orders • References.

10. Narasimha Reddy Revolt: (1846) .......................................... 159
• Uyyalawada’s Claims • Attack on the Treasury • Capture of the Palegar • Public Hanging of Narasimha Reddy • Inquiry Commission • References.

11. Conclusions ........................................................................... 171

Select Bibliography ................................................................ 183

Appendices ............................................................................ 193

Index ...................................................................................... 217


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