Loading... Parliamentary Democracy In North-East Indiam : A Study Of Two Communities Each From The States Of Assam, Meghalaya And Sikkim | Jayanti Alam
Parliamentary Democracy in North-East Indiam : a Study of Two Communities Each From the States of Assam, Meghalaya and Sikkim

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Book Code: 1111008615622

Jayanti Alam

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Untitled Document

ABOUT THE BOOK

As mentioned in the beginning of the “Acknowledgement”, I found a general absence of political sense in the tribes of North-east India when I was conducting extensive and intensive field study to understand the socio-cultural characteristics of the Buddhist tribes of Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim. (I had earlier studied a similar aspect amongst the Tibetans in India—both refugees and traditional settlers, who had come as traders many centuries back and become Indian citizens). These tribal communities are vehemently conscious of their language, culture and way of life and their “politics” is fighting for those basic rights from both the State governments and the Government of India. We are fully aware of the long-term struggle of the Bodos and the Karbis of Assam. They, unlike the Ahoms or the Bengalis or any other language group of India, are least bothered about problems of India as such, not even if and when Pakistan or China attacks India! They only want their very special identity established. I took up Meghalaya and Sikkim out of the seven sisters of the North-east because their political systems and the awareness amongst the electors and the elected both appeared diametrically opposite! There was no Opposition in Sikkim Assembly (till the recent 2014 election) and no single majority party (again till the recent election) in Meghalaya! The government was of coalition and the Opposition too, was of coalition! In Sikkim the voters appeared so very fully contended with Pawan Chamling as the Chief Minister that they could not think of any other party other than SDF. The deep anti-Congressism (which had sprung up due to Congress Party's role in annexing Sikkim to the Indian Union when the common people were quite contended with the utterly benevolent monarch) had also made Sikkim Democratic Front utterly popular. In Meghalaya no party or no leader appeared to be above board thus leaving the voters totally confused. So, they mostly voted for the leader they personally liked ! There was no political consideration. The vote-seekers too, had no specific or attractive agenda that could possibly mobilize the voters successfully. They were unhappy with whichever coalition that came to power without realizing that too many cooks spoil the broth! They lacked the political sense to realize that a steady government can possibly indulge into some developmental activity. The parties and the leaders too, had no specific manifesto. Thus parliamentary type of democracy was missing in all the States I studied. It is for my readers to find out where they went wrong and where I went wrong!


ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Jayanti Alam had conducted intensive studies on “Communist China's Policy in North Vietnam” when Vietnam was suffering inhuman US imperialist aggression. Later she conducted extensive studies on China's Tibet as well as on the women (from all classes and occupations) of China. She was invited as a State guest twice to China and Tibet. Her first researched book “The Tibetans in Exile” is translated both in Manadarin and Tibetan and is available in all the major libraries of China. The author had carried out extensive field study in Arunachal Pradesh and written and published “The Buddhist Women of North-east India and Southwest China”. (It is a comparative study). Her third book “Tribal Women Workers” was on the tribal women of Jharkhand. She has special interest on and empathy with the tribes of India—the most neglected and deprived in India. The author has a minimum of 35 articles published in various national and international journals. A collection of a few of those published articles, titled “Religion, Patriarchy and Capitalism” was brought out by Gyan Publishers, Delhi in 2013. And this is her fifth book. Jayanti Alam has a long teaching experience in High Schools in Shimla and Kolkata, colleges in Kolkata and she also taught Masters in Human Rights in Calcutta University, Kolkata. The present book is the result of her project as ICSSR Senior Research Fellow (from July, 2012 till June, 2014).

CONTENTS

Preface .. 7 Introduction .. 9 Chapter I Democracy .. 13 Chapter II Parliamentary Democracy . 23 Chapter III Coalition Politics in India . 35 Chapter IV North-East India .. 48 Chapter V Assam .. 56 Chapter VI Bodos in Assam .. 86 Chapter VII Karbis in Assam .. 127 Chapter VIII Meghalaya: People and Natural Resources . 159 Chapter IX Traditional Political Systems and Birth of Meghalaya . 167 Chapter X Meghalaya: Pattern of Coalition Governments . 179 Chapter XI Meghalaya: Political Behaviour of the People . 183 Chapter XII Sikkim: Ethnic Groups & Their Politics . 207 Chapter XIII Achievements of Sikkim Democratic Front . 231 Chapter XIV Political Leaders of Sikkim . 240 Chapter XV Sikkim—Political Behaviours of the People . 257 Conclusion .. 270 Bibliography .. 275 Index .. 277


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