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The Geopolitics of Energy
9788121214100

  
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Author Jean-Pierre Favennec
Year 2017
Binding Hardback
Pages 345
ISBN10, ISBN13 8121214106, 9788121214100
Short Description
The Title 'The Geopolitics of Energy written/authored/edited by Jean-Pierre Favennec', published in the year 2017. The ISBN 9788121214100 is assigned to the Hardcover version of this title. This book has total of pp. 345 (Pages). The publisher of this title is Gyan Publishing House. This Book is in Hindi. The subject of this book is Political Science.
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Untitled Document

ABOUT THE BOOK

The world’s energy sector knows a complicated and fragile environment. Energy demand is increasing rapidly because of growth in the developing countries. It is largely met by fossil fuels: oil, natural gas and coal, but also by hydraulic and nuclear power and more and more by solar and wind.

The use of all these forms of energy now gives rise to controversy. Fossil fuels of course contribute to CO2 emissions and climate change. The development of shale gas, currently the source of half natural gas production in the United States, meets strong opposition in a number of European countries. The accident at Fukushima has put into question the future development of nuclear power, in Japan, in Europe but also in the USA. There is considerable criticism of the use of coal, which is the source for most of the energy needs in China and a number of developing countries, because of its emissions of CO2 and other pollutants. Even traditional biomass, whose use leads to deforestation and to respiratory diseases, and the development of hydraulic power, are the subject of debate. Is solar and wind the solution?

How should one judge between the different energies? How can decisions be taken between reducing consumption and increasing production? What is the future for new renewable energies?

These are the issues at stake on the energy sector.

This book appears just at the right time to provide clear and well documented replies to the questions that all of us, as energy users, are posing. How are the different forms of energy produced? What does the future hold for them? Who are the players active in the energy scene? What are the supply constraints? What is the impact of the strong growth in India and China on energy resources? The book is in two parts. The first sets out the major characteristics of the energy sector. The second provides an analysis of the global energy issues region by region and details the geopolitical aspects.

This work is well illustrated and accessible to all, as it does not require any specific prior knowledge. It will particularly interest readers seeking a global perspective of a sector that is fundamental both to our economy and also for our international policies.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Jean-Pierre Favennec is a professor at the IFP School and many Universities and a renowned expert on the energy industry. The author of several books and countless articles, he has contributed to conferences and colloquia worldwide.

CONTENTS

Preface .............................................................................................................. 7

Introduction .................................................................................................... 11

1. Different Forms of Energy ........................................................... 15
• WHAT IS ENERGY? • UNITS • ENERGY IN ITS DIFFERENT FORMS • PRIMARY AND SECONDARY ENERGY • FROM SECONDARY ENERGY TO FINAL ENERGY AND USEFUL ENERGY • OIL – THE REFERENCE ENERGY • ECONOMICS: PROFIT MARGINS AND COSTS • VARIOUS CATEGORIES OF OIL • FROM OIL EXPLORATION TO OIL MARKETING • DIFFERENT METHODS FOR TRANSPORTING HYDROCARBONS • LPG AND CONDENSATES • NATURAL GAS • LNG DEVELOPMENT • GTL: GAS TO LIQUIDS • COAL • CLEAN COAL • ELECTRICITY • NUCLEAR ENERGY TODAY • COGENERATION • RENEWABLE ENERGY • WATER: AT THE CROSSROADS OF CHALLENGES IN ENERGY, CLIMATE AND DEVELOPMENT • AGROFUELS: FORBIDDEN FRUIT OR MEANS OF DEVELOPMENT? • HYDROGEN • ENERGY AND SOCIOLOGY • INTERNATIONAL OIL COMPANIES: “BEYOND PETROLEUM”? • REFERENCES.

2. Energy Markets: Outlook and Challenges .................................. 65
• ENERGY DEMAND • COMMERCIAL AND NON-COMMERCIAL ENERGY • DETERMINANTS OF ENERGY DEMAND • ENERGY PRICING • THE ROLE OF OPEC • WHAT IS THE “RIGHT PRICE” FOR OIL? • THE REFINING CHALLENGES • PRODUCING COUNTRIES: OIL REVENUES AND THEIR USE • AN OPEC FOR GAS? • THE URANIUM MARKET • FOSSIL FUEL RESERVES • YEARS 2000–2010: THE CONTROVERSY OVER OIL RESERVES AND PEAK OIL • MORE DETAILS ABOUT RESERVES • UNCONVENTIONAL OIL RESERVES • CONQUEST OF THE ARCTIC • OUTLOOK: FUTURE ENERGY NEEDS • ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT • HIGH-VOLTAGE POWER LINES • WHY OIL SPILLS? • THE CHERNOBYL CATASTROPHE: UKRAINE 1986 • REFERENCES.

3. Structure of Energy Industries .................................................. 125
• NATURAL MONOPOLIES AND EFFECTS OF SIZE • THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY: INTERNATIONAL OIL COMPANIES AND NATIONAL OIL COMPANIES • NATIONALISATION OF GAS AND ELECTRICITY IN EUROPE • PRODUCING COUNTRIES: CONTROL OVER THEIR OIL RESERVES • THE INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY • TOWARD MUTUAL DEPENDENCY • POST THE 1970S: LIBERALISATION, PRIVATISATION AND NEW REGULATIONS • SITUATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES • THE EXAMPLE OF GHANA • ETHICS AND ENERGY • INCREASED COMPETITION • OTHER OFTEN FORGOTTEN PLAYERS • CONCLUSION • REFERENCES.

4. Energy Policies and Security of Supplies .................................. 147
• SOLUTIONS OFFERED BY THE MARKET • HOW TO IMPROVE SUPPLY SECURITY • ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION • MEANS OF SUPPLY • THREATS TO ENERGY SUPPLIES • THE RISK OF PHYSICAL FAILURE OF TRANSPORT NETWORKS • THE CASE OF ELECTRICITY • CLOSING OF THE SUEZ CANAL • SECURING HYDROCARBON SUPPLIES MILITARILY • A SPECIAL ISSUE: STRATEGIC STOCKS • FRANCE’S STRATEGIC STOCKS • CONCLUSION • REFERENCES.

5. The North American Continent ................................................. 171
• VERY HIGH ENERGY CONSUMPTION • SHALE GAS AND SHALE OIL REVOLUTION • OIL • REFINING IN THE UNITED STATES • PEMEX, THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT AND OPEC • NATURAL GAS • COAL • ELECTRICITY • CHALLENGES FOR AMERICAN ENERGY POLICY • ENERGY POLICY: TRUMP VS CLINTON • AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY AND SUPPLY SECURITY • OUTLOOK FOR NATURAL GAS SUPPLIES • THE RELATIONS WITH IRAN • CONCLUSION • REFERENCES.

6. The South American Continent ................................................. 197
• OIL • VENEZUELA’S OIL RESERVES: ORINOCO EXTRA-HEAVY CRUDE OIL • A FIGHT FOR OIL: THE CHACO WAR • NATURAL GAS • COAL • ELECTRICITY • THE ETHANOL EXPERIMENT IN BRAZIL • DYNAMICS AND CHALLENGES • GAS NATIONALISATION IN BOLIVIA • CONCLUSION.

7. Europe ......................................................................................... 213
• INCREASING ENERGY IMPORTS • OIL • NORWAY • NATURAL GAS • COAL • ELECTRICITY • ENERGY EFFICIENCY: THE EU OBJECTIVES • ORGANISATION AND REGULATION OF GAS AND ELECTRICITY MARKETS • SWITZERLAND • SECURITY OF EUROPEAN UNION SUPPLIES • RELATIONS BETWEEN EUROPE AND RUSSIA – THE CASE OF GAS • ELECTRICITY INTERCONNECTION • CONCLUSION.

8. The Commonwealth of Independent States .............................. 235
• THE ENERGY SCENE IN THE COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES • ONE OF THE LARGEST DISCOVERIES IN 30 YEARS: KASHAGAN • HYDROELECTRIC CONFLICT IN THE FERGHANA VALLEY • GEOPOLITICS OF TRANSPORTING HYDROCARBONS FROM CIS STATES • HYDROCARBON SECTOR: POLITICAL AND LEGAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE PUTIN ERA • CONCLUSION • REFERENCES.

9. Africa ........................................................................................... 257
• ENERGY FOR AFRICA: THE IMPORTANCE OF OIL • IS THERE A MOVE TOWARD TAX COMPETITION BETWEEN PRODUCING STATES? • THE DOBA-KRIBI OIL PIPELINE • USE OF THE FUNDS FROM CHAD’S OIL • ASSOCIATED GAS FLARING • THE ASWAN DAM • WILL BIOFUELS PERMIT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA? • EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION – PLAYERS IN THE GULF OF GUINEA • EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION – PLAYERS IN THE EAST • AFRICAN NATIONS IN OIL GLOBALISATION • NIGER DELTA MILITANTS • CONCLUSION: THE NEW OIL STAKES IN AFRICA • REFERENCES.

10. Asia Pacific .................................................................................. 285
• NATURAL GAS • AUSTRALIA: AN EMERGING REGIONAL LNG SUPPLIER • COAL • ELECTRICITY • THE THREE GORGES DAM • AGRO-FUELS AND GEOTHERMAL ENERGY IN ASIA • INDONESIA AND THE PHILIPPINES: DEVELOPMENT OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY • ASIA – THE CHALLENGE OF SUPPLY DIVERSIFICATION • THE RISKS FROM INCREASED COMPETITION • REGIONAL TENSIONS AND CONFLICTS: A DESTABILISING FACTOR FOR ENERGY POLICIES • REFERENCES.

11. The Middle East .......................................................................... 311
• ENERGY CONSUMPTION: “ALL HYDROCARBON” • THE EMERGENCE OF THE MIDDLE EAST OIL GIANTS • NATURAL GAS • OTHER ENERGY SOURCES • THE ROLE OF MIDDLE EAST OIL PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN WORLDWIDE SUPPLY SECURITY • DEBATE ABOUT RESERVES: MATT SIMMONS VS. ARAMCO • THE DOMINANCE OF THE MIDDLE EAST AND WORLD ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY • THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE UNITED STATES: THE DETERIORATION OF A VITAL RELATIONSHIP – THE SECOND GULF WAR • CONVERGENCE OF INTEREST BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND SAUDI ARABIA ON PRICES • CONCLUSION • REFERENCES.

Index ............................................................................................ 335

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